Climate Change & Disaster Risk Reduction
DRR is not a recent concept belonging to this modern world. In fact, DRR has existed throughout human history. The DRR approaches practiced by the RCRC Movement are based on decades of experience. The Movement saw the need of integrating DRR into development activities for the immediate and long-term benefit of target populations.
The International Federation also fully supports the conclusions of the UN World Conference on Disaster Reduction, held in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan in January 2005and continues to work through its member National Societies and in partnership with the UN, governments, donors and civil society to meet the objectives of the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015
DRR as an integrated concept of programming and not a new concept for the PRCS. Additionally in the wake of 2005 the paradigm of PRC was also shifted from reactive to proactive approach. In this regard to promote the culture of preparedness and to make the communities more resilient PRC has also implemented community based disaster risk reduction programs in various vulnerable villages all over Pakistan. So far 14 x major CBDRR projects are being implemented through PRC in different vulnerable communities.
Pakistan is highly vulnerable, in varying degrees, to a large number of climate-induced disasters. Large part of the areas along rivers are prone to floods and river erosion, the coastline is prone to tropical cyclones and arid and semi-arid areas of the country are vulnerable to drought and hilly areas are at risk from hill-torrent’s flash floods, landslides etc. Pakistan is already experiencing climate change impacts that are too visible to ignore. Pakistan is included in the list of top ten countries which are the most vulnerable to climate change (its 3rd in 2012 Risk index).
Pakistan Red Crescent, as a part of International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies is likewise committed to build its capacity and develop holistic, ecosystem-based and climate-smart programming to address the the impacts of climate change, as reflected in the International Federation’s Strategy 2020. In the Red Cross Red Crescent movement, we believe that addressing both climate change mitigation and adaptation are important in helping communities and people reduce their vulnerabilities. This we aim to do by building our internal capacities and mainstreaming climate variability and change into our different prorgams and related initiatives (i.e., in disaster management, health, water and sanitation, etc). By using the integrated risk management approach, we hope that our policy, plans and programs will eventually become climate smart.
Pakistan Red Crescent in efforts to achieve the IFRC’s ‘One Billion Coalition for Resilience’ initiative, has set a goal to engage 5 million young volunteers throughout Pakistan by 2020, educated and trained to create resilient communities. PRC realizes the need to bring together national and international organizations, civil society organizations, media entities, academia, business communities and volunteers to collaboratively achieve this task. In January 2016, PRCS launched the ‘Pakistan Coalition for Resilience’ to strengthen local capacities.
To be able to better respond to the changing humanitarian landscape that is exacerbated by the changing climate, Pakistan Red Crescent will strategically and holistically address the situation by identifying four (4) mutually reinforcing problems to be addressed by focusing on the following areas:
I. Capacity Building & Strengthening of Organization and Volunteers
II. CC Policy Framework and Advocacy
III. Climate-Smart Program Delivery
IV. Knowledge Management and Awareness Campaigns